Nobody cares that Colombia has become a dump

This is a space for free and independent expression that reflects the views of the authors only and does not compromise the thinking or opinion of Las2orillas.

The problems of environmental environment in the history of the current Republic of Colombia have their origin to a certain extent in the cultural conflict created by the Spanish invasion of the ancient territory of the Muiscas, Taironas, Pastos. [1]and other US towns.

Although Spaniards, Africans, and Americans all came from traditional cultures, in the case of Americans and Africans, they differ from Spaniards in their relationship with the natural environment.

Among these peoples there was (and still is) the belief of being a part of nature; Among the pre-Hispanic peoples with some Inca influence were Pacha Mama (the Earth) and Inti Pope (the Sun), the gods who were the protectors of life and the fathers of mankind.

Likewise, among the African nations from which the enslaved people came, there was a universe of deities that created natural forces such as the thundering sea (Yemayá) (Changó), among others, which were present in the collective consciousness of Africans and which they later inherited to their descendants in the Americas .

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This collective consciousness shows the deep, familiar relationship of individuals for Colombia and Africa with their environment: they are part of nature; On the contrary, the Spaniards come from a Judeo-Christian civilization where, according to the Catholic faith, man, expelled from the earthly paradise because of his original sin, is obliged to multiply and conquer the earth and rule over all creation.

For this reason, the Europeans, and especially the Spaniards coming to the Americas, saw the American territory and its inhabitants as a subaltern to exploit and a barbaric environment to conquer. Humans are turned into slaves and the environment is undoubtedly undermined. The American jungle and its inhabitants had to be exploited.

This European vision can be seen in the destruction of former colonies in Africa such as the Congo, for example, where not only resources were extracted from the jungle but also the people who lived in these areas.

In the case of Colombia and the Americas, in the colonial and early republics, the Spanish and their descendants feared and sometimes hated this environment plagued by flies and vermin, thus eliminating the wild environment and the presence and history of nature. the men and women who lived there were part of the racist (and anti-environmental) policy of the European colonists.

It was a civilizing process. Civilization was represented in the Colombian Andes by an ax stuck in the trunk of a tree felled by a settler of European descent.

Millions of acres of jungle were cleared for livestock, and although Spanish cities were built, like the natives, on the banks of rivers, these water sources over time were polluted by the solid and liquid wastes of Creole urban life.

For A current example of this ecological barbarism is the treatment Bogotá gave to the river that bears its name.Cali with the seven rivers that crossed it.

Pasto, Medellin and other cities that have turned the rivers of the past into sewers and landfills for solid and liquid waste.

Reading about water cultures in pre-Colombian history tells us that peoples like the Zenues and the Tumac effectively controlled the floods of the Zenú River, in the Colombian Caribbean, and the Caunapí in the Pacific, through canals, where the earth was mined. used for agriculture.

Currently in Colombia, in the case of the Caribbean, the rain invades the regions causing unforeseen disasters that the population is not prepared for and that the state does not adequately resolve.

The reason may be that ranchers and landowners of bananas and other colonial crops filled in and finished the canals that controlled the river’s flooding.

In the struggle for economic power, in the first decades of the Colombian Republic, land ownership became the key to the country’s economy.

Former slave owners used the opportunity to expand their holdings. One legal way to do this was to cut down the forest.

The more forest you could cut down, the more land you could claim as your own. One of the conflicts that most affect the peace of Colombians was created there, and that is the fight for land: large landowners with thousands of acres of land for cattle ranching (one hectare for each cow, was the custom) or the monoculture of coffee, cane and bananas, while the peasantry consisting of free blacks, natives and poor whites did not have enough to survive.

This tendency to accumulate land for the production of monocultures, livestock or to rent it to farmers who did not have it, led to the environmental modification of tropical forests such as those on the Colombian Caribbean coast to the planting of monocultures and livestock, as well as in the geographical valley of the Valle del Cauca Department , which is now completely planted with sugar cane.

The untold environmental impact of these two hundred years of occupation and republic leaves a grim balance: people displaced by bloody conflicts over land, rivers polluted by human activity in cities and illegal and legal mining, the extermination of much of the wildlife and indigenous peoples. the flora of this territory, among other misfortunes.

Although the 1991 constitution increased citizens’ right to a healthy environment, the economic opening that followed it ended up deepening environmental damage..

A free market not only sells goods, it also sells garbage. If the consumer buys one kilo of rice, the system sells him the rice along with the plastic cup, which is disposable and ends up in the landfill.

So an urban household buys food, household items, cleaning materials, all in boxes, straws and plastic bottles and then has to take them out of their home so that the municipal waste service collects them, p.But increasingly populous cities are unable to collect or dispose of all the waste produced and sold by the industrial system..

The garbage that is the permanent drama because it not only pollutes the cities, but the vast majority of that waste goes to the rivers, already polluted by industry and urban life, and from there to the sea where it affects the life of the species. Marine. There are garbage islands in the world’s oceans!

The production system of the free market in the neoliberal era is the main source of waste production, and these industrialists send the waste problem to the state, whichthat by not solving it, it is up to consumers who do not have the ability to solve it.

Hence the environmental problem and the threat to the planet of global warming and the destruction of life on earth. Cities such as Bogotá, Cali, Medellin, in Colombia, are examples that, despite budgetary and institutional efforts to eliminate garbage, garbage does not decrease, and it does not do so because it is linked to the market and where traders push so that on every day there are more products to sell and more consumers, there will always be more garbage.

Ending garbage is ending the market and the neoliberal and globalized industrial system that produces it and sells it to us.

The 1991 constitution also paved the way for the creation of the Ministry of the Environment and strengthened self-governing corporations and national park systems.

It would be good if the new government made an assessment of the impact of these institutions on the containment of environmental pollution and the preservation of a healthy environment.

Just knowing that Codechoco authorized the exploitation of thousands of hectares of forests in the Chocó Pacific, that the Ministry of the Environment authorized fracking for oil exploitation, that CVC saw how cane growers converted the geographical valley of the Cauca into monoculture of cane.

That Corpocauca did nothing against the illegal mining that destroyed the rivers in the north of Cauca and the south of the valley, that Corponariño does not stop environmental pollution due to oil spills in the Mira and Caunapí rivers, of Colombia South Pacific it could be assumed that the government agencies that should guarantee in Colombia the right to a healthy environment.they have not, and on the contrary, they have acted as partners in its destruction.

Political corruption may be at the root of this institutional impotence.

In conclusion: Judeo-Christian culture gives Westerners the power to dominate nature and destroy it if it interferes with their commercial interests.

Neoliberal capitalism threatens human health and the planet through large-scale industry that produces greenhouse gases and the production of garbage that surrounds its products, pollutes cities, rivers and oceans, and infects the population that consumes its ultra-processed products with sugar and salt.

Countries like Colombia, despite having constitutions and institutions aimed at guaranteeing the right to the environment and life, do not because of a corrupt political culture. This is a very dangerous cocktail for the planet and human life and nature

Our country requires change in this case. The new government of Colombia is based on that change.

Indigenous, Afro-Colombian and peasant brothers have all the knowledge and experience to reorganize a different model of progress based on respect for human life and nature.

[1] In Colombia there are 87 indigenous peoples: Wayú, Kogui, Arhuaco, Chimila, Arzario, Yuco Yukpa, Zenú, Motilón Barí, Tulé, Emberá Chami, Emberá Katío, Wuonaan, Coyaima, Dujo, Eperara Siapidara, Misak, Yanacona, Nasa, Inga , awa kuaiker, camëntsa, coreguaje, cofan, pijao, desano, Uitoto, cocaima, tanimuka, bora, taiwano, bara, nukak maku, tukano, barasana

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